psalm 126:1 to 3 commentary

Read Psalm 126:3 commentary using The Treasury of David. “like the streams in the Negev” (also spelled Negeb) (v. 4b). That is what happened when Yahweh inspired Cyrus to allow the exiles to return to Jerusalem. Then they said among the nations, Remark, 1. 126 When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. Study the bible online using commentary on Psalm 126:3 and more! Psalm 126 is one of a collection of poems (Psalms 120-134) known as the “Songs of Ascents.” These most likely did not all originate from a single source or for some unified purpose, but were rather collected together for some common use While interpreters cannot be one-hundred percent sure, the best guess is that the psalms of ascents were collected together in order for the faithful to use when they made pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Natives told me that, although they got little rain, the rain that fell often did so torrentially. In this context, it means that Yahweh has done great things––magnificent things––for Israel. It is the seventh in the series of 15 songs for pilgrims coming to Jerusalem. Only a remnant had returned; others remained in Babylon. The psalm has two stanzas (vv. Were they still dreaming? 2 Then our mouth was filled with laughter And our tongue with joyful shouting; 3 Yahweh has done great things for us, Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy. The Psalm divides itself into a narrative ( Psalms 126:1-2), a song ( Psalms 126:3), a prayer (Ps 126:4), and a promise ( Psalms 126:5-6). The person who carries his sheaves is “bringing home the bacon”––bringing in the harvest––reaping the reward for long months of toil. The very people who, during the years in Babylon, looked upon God’s people and “were astonished at him−so marred was his appearance, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of mortals−these very nations witnessed the restoration of the people to their land and to their God and they said, “The Lord has done great things for them!” Thinking ahead to the New Testament, one is reminded of the non-Israelite magi coming to worship the one who was born “King of the Jews,” or the Roman centurion who announced, “Truly this man was God’s Son!”. Verses 1-3 speak of a wondrous, joyful time “when Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion.” This almost certainly refers to the miraculous return of Jewish exiles from Babylonia, which took place when Cyrus, king of Persia, defeated Babylonia and in 538 B.C. “He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for sowing, will certainly come again with joy, carrying his sheaves” (v. 6). The psalm goes on to say, “Then they said among the nations, “Yahweh has done great things for them.” (Yes,) Yahweh has done great things for us, and we are glad” (Psalm 126:2-3). “Restore (Hebrew: sub) our fortunes (Hebrew: sebut) again, Yahweh” (v. 4a). The Negev (which means dry) is the far south region of Israel, a desert-like region that gets only eight inches (200 mm) or less of rain a year––barely enough to sustain subsistence agriculture. Thus they would reap in joy. ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. INTRODUCTION: We are continuing in our study on the Psalms of Ascent, and our message series is called Stepping Stones to Gods Heart. Acknowledging that the Lord had done great things for them indeed. It should be emphasized that the closing verses of the psalm are an appeal couched in the form of imaginative wishes: “May those who….” The Advent people who approach Christmas recall God’s restorative acts in the past. It is the normal word used for "repentance" (see 14b (Downers Grove, Illinois:  Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Limburg, James, Westminster Bible Companion: Psalms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000, Mays, James Luther, Interpretation: Psalms (Louisville: John Knox, 1994), McCann, J. Clinton, Jr., The New Interpreter’s Bible: The Book of Psalms, Vol. They dreamed of returning one day­­–– although they could hardly imagine how that might be possible. we were like those who dream. and we are glad. When they finally got to Jerusalem, even though it was in ruins, they could imagine restoring it to its former glory. The nations–that is, the people who worship other gods and often threaten Israel (cf. This must indeed have been an understatement. Psalm 126 1 When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. A song of ascents. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), Freedman, David Noel (Ed. While they eventually succeeded in rebuilding the temple, their temple was a pale substitute for the grand Solomon’s Temple. Psalm 126:1–6 1 When the Lord restored i the fortunes of a Zion, we were like those who dreamed. As noted in The Context (above), the returned exiles faced many hardships. The word sameah means to be filled with joy––to be exuberantly joyful. Because God’s gracious and faithful acts of restoration are so self-evident, even the blind nations can see them. The picture, then, is of spontaneous and uncontainable joy: “our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with shouts of joy.”, The first stanza also contains what I consider to be perhaps the most surprising testimony concerning God’s gracious deeds in the entire Old Testament. 4 Restore our fortunes again, Yahweh, The returning Jews found Jerusalem in total ruins. To be free again after all those years would be wonderfully liberating. ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. When the Lord, &c.- … To sustain agriculture, residents had to channel that rainfall to make it usable. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. Psalm 126 Commentary by Brad Boyles Dr. J. Vernon McGee writes… “The Psalms are full of Christ. The Negev experienced something of that sort. This is known as parallelism, and is the most common form of Hebrew poetry. Interestingly enough, the word sebut means captivity rather than fortunes. Ross says that this is a prayer that Yahweh would return the remaining captives to Jerusalem (Ross, 669). Anderson, A.A., The New Century Bible Commentary: Psalms 73-150 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), Broyles, Craig C., New International Biblical Commentary: Psalms (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999, Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg Press, 1984), Clifford, Richard J., Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 73-150 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2003), DeClaisse-Walford, Nancy; Jacobson, Rolf A.; Tanner, Beth Laneel, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament:  The Book of Psalms (Grand Rapids:  Wm. 3. This is one of 15 psalms (120-134) that begin with this superscription. The second stanza develops the themes introduced in the first stanza and rephrases them in the form of renewed appeals for restoration (this is similar to the structure of Psalm 85, lacking only the set of promises with which Psalm 85 culminates). 6 He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for sowing, Word List covenant ~ two people have agreed what each should do (here, God and his people). The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. They remembered how wonderful it was and how free they had been there. the restoration of Joseph to Jacob and his brothers, the restoration of the people to the land after the Exodus, the restoration of the ark to the people after the Philistines captured it, the birth of the Messiah; the restoration of Jesus to his parents, Dry river beds coursing with torrents of water, Farmers weeping as they plant because they did not expect a harvest, Those same farmers singing joyfully as they harvest, because creation has produced an unlooked-for bounty, Those same farmers bearing heavy sheaves of produce as they return home from the fields. This passage connects being made completely holy ( oloklēron ) with the theme of restoration knitted..., the returned exiles faced many hardships known as parallelism, and C focus on Psalms... 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